Short Dubrovnik History – The Statute & Rise – End & New Beginning!
Short Dubrovnik History highlights. The beginnings of the history of Dubrovnik can be traced back to Roman times. On the territory of today’s Cavtat was a Roman colony of Epidaurus. According to new archaeological findings, in present old town was a Roman settlement, whose role and importance, at the end of the Roman Empire began to rise, especially since the 3rd century. The arrival of the Slavs in the area marked the decadence of the Roman colony of Epidaurus in Cavtat. Initially Dubrovnik acknowledged the rule of the Byzantine Empire, the legitimate heir of the former Roman Empire.
The Rise of the “Republic of Ragusa”
Since the Year 1205, Venice (Venetian Republic) governments Dubrovnik, and residents raised three rebels against this leadership. Such a state is held until the Year 1358, when Dubrovnik acquires all the attributes of a State. In the year 1272, Dubrovnik acquires a Statute. Trade was the main economic activity. In the 13th century the Dubrovnik Republic was growing with added territories; Pelješac peninsula with the town of Ston, and later the island of Mljet.
The Rector, Senate & Small Council
Aristocratic families ruled the Republic of Dubrovnik. These families were gathered in the Great Council (parliament) and cause the Senate and the Small Council. A new Rector was chosen every month to avoid corruption. During his mandate, he was not allowed to go out of the Palace, except in strictly regulated ceremonies, such as the festival of St. Vlaho on February 3rd. The city flourished in the 16th century, thanks to the trade throughout the Mediterranean. The Republic of Dubrovnik experienced a major earthquake in 1667.
Ragusa Ends & Dubrovnik Begins
The end of the Republic took place on May 26th, Year 1806, when the French entered the city. After the fall of Napoleon, Dubrovnik was annexed to Austria and until 1918, remains under the Habsburg Monarchy, after which enters into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Year 1941 Dubrovnik became a part of the Independent Croatian State, and after the fall of fascism became part of Yugoslavia. After the split up of Yugoslavia 1991-95, Dubrovnik becomes part of the independent Republic of Croatia, 28th EU member.